Jens Mathiesen Brun (ca. 1425-?)
Besøg i Rom 1467
København, Sokkelund, Vester Kvarter, Vester Kvarter, Matr. 112, , 477, FT 1801,
Peter Teilade, 33, Gift, , Fuldmægtig, ,
Else Kirstine Brun, 28, Gift, , g Peter Teilade, ,
Mette Regine Teilade, 1, Ugift, , , ,
København, Sokkelund, Sct. Annæ Vester Kva, Sankt Annæ Vester Kvarter, Matr. 237, , 1432, FT 1801,
Bent Thommesen Riis, 61, Gift, , Bødkersv., ,
Else Brun, 66, Gift, , g Bent T.Riis, ,
København, Sokkelund, Christianhavns Kvart, Christianshavns Kvarter, Matr. 365, , 1770, FT 1801,
Hans Christian Brun, 45, Gift, , Skibstømmerm., ,
Else Cathrine [Brun], 37, Gift, , g Hans Chr. B., ,
Sophie Magdalene [Brun], 13, Ugift, , Fader Hans C.B., ,
Ane Cathrine [Brun], 9, Ugift, , Fader Hans C.B., ,
Gertrud Cathrine [Brun], 5, Ugift, , Fader Hans C.B., ,
Karen Margrethe [Brun], 2, Ugift, , Fader Hans C.B., ,
København, Sokkelund, Christianhavns Kvart, Christianshavns Kvarter, Matr. 202, , 684, FT 1801,
Jørgen Brun, 38, Gift, , Mariner, ,
Sophie Nasser, 28, Gift, , g Jørgen Brun, ,
Christopher [Brun], 9, Ugift, , Fader Jørgen B., ,
Andreas [Brun], 5, Ugift, , Fader Jørgen B., ,
Sophie [Brun], 2, Ugift, , Fader Jørgen B., ,
København, Sokkelund, Christianhavns Kvart, Christianshavns Kvarter, Matr. 347, , 1646, FT 1801,
Ane Marie Brun, 47, Enke, , , ,
Ane Johanne [Brun], 17, Ugift, , Moder A.M.B., ,
Christian Hansen, 15, Ugift, , Moder A.M.Brun, ,
København, Sokkelund, Christianhavns Kvart, Christianshavns Kvarter, Matr. 190, , 621, FT 1801,
Jesper Bistrup, 38, Ugift, , Kgl. Mekanicus, ,
Friderich Jensen Brun, 14, Ugift, , , ,
Thomas Jacob Brun, 11, Ugift, , , ,
Lene Marie Hansen, 30, Ugift, , Husholderske, ,
København, Sokkelund, Christianhavns Kvart, Christianshavns Kvarter, Matr. 194, , 632, FT 1801,
Johan Martin, 48, Gift, , Styrmand, ,
Anne Martha Brun, 37, Gift, , g Johan Martin, ,
København, Sokkelund, Christianhavns Kvart, Christianshavns Kvarter, Matr. 199, , 655, FT 1801,
Peter Urban Brun, 16, Ugift, , Kadet Søetat, ,
København, Sokkelund, Christianhavns Kvart, Christianshavns Kvarter, Matr. 359, , 1720, FT 1801,
Christian Brun, 47, Gift, , Smedesv., ,
Ingeborg Marie [Brun], 46, Gift, , g Chr.B. Smed, ,
København, Sokkelund, Christianhavns Kvart, Christianshavns Kvarter, Matr. 199, , 666, FT 1801,
Christopher Glesing, 43, Gift, , Under Off., ,
Maren Brun, 53, Gift, , g C.Glesing, ,
Anne Kirstine [Brun], 23, Ugift, , Moder Maren B., ,
Cathrine Elisabeth [Brun], 12, Ugift, , Moder Maren B., ,
København, Sokkelund, Sct. Annæ Vester Kva, Sankt Annæ Vester Kvarter, Matr. 445, , 3190, FT 1801,
Frederik Rudolf, 43, Gift, , Værtshusmand, ,
Else Kirstine Bruun, 53, Gift, , g Fr.Rudolf, ,
Anne Cathrine Sundsted, 21, Ugift, , Tj.Pige, ,
Sorø, Øster Flakkebjerg, Krummerup, Haldagermagle Bye, et Boelssted, , 71, FT-1834,
Søren Munk, 53, Gift, , Boelsmand, ,
Else Brun, 60, Gift, , Hans kone, ,
Hans Jensen, 19, Ugift, , Tjenestefolk, ,
Maren Pedersdatter, 21, Ugift, , Tjenestefolk, ,
Emperor Valentinianus III
Born: 2 JUL 419 Ravenna Sex: M
Died: 16 MAR 454/55 Rome Cause: murdered
Father: Emperor Constantius III
Mother: Galla Placida
Emperor Theodosius I *The Great*
dghtr of Emperor Valentinianus Galla
Married to: Licina Eudoxia 29 OCT 437
In 423 his uncle, Emperor Honorius, died and for two years the Imperial throne was taken by a usurper. Then Valentinianus's mother, Galla Placida, controlled the West in his name until 437, although the powerful patrician Aetius became the effective ruler toward the end of this regency. In 429 the Vandals went to Africa and, ten years later, threw off the overlordship of Valentinanus's government. However, at no time in his long reign were the affairs of state personally managed by Valentinianus. In 437 he married Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of his cousin, the Eastern Emperor Theodosius II. He spent his life in the pursuit of pleasure while Aetius controlled the government. In 444 Valentinianus, acting in conjunction with Pope Leo I, issued the famous "Novel 17", which assigned to the bishop of Rome supremacy over the provincial churches. In 451 and 452 the Huns invaded Gaul and Northern Italy but it is not known whether Valentinianus took part in their repulsion. However, false information made him distrust Aetius and, on 21 September 454, he personally murdered Aetius in the imperial palace in Rome. A year later, Optila and Thraustile, retainers of Aetius, avenged their master by murdering the Emperor in the Campus Martius.
Born: 440 Sex: F
Died: BEF. 484
Father: Emperor Valentinianus III, Mother: Licina Eudoxia
Married to: King of the Vandals Huneric ABT. 459
Child: Evages of the Vandals
Child: Hoamer of the Vandals
Hoamer of the Vandals
Born: ABT. 480, Sex: M, Died: 530
Father: King of the Vandals Huneric, Mother: Eudoxia
Married to: Gossana
Child: Galswinthe of the Vandals
Galswinthe of the Vandals
Born: 538 Sex: F, Died: 582
Father: Hoamer of the Vandals, Mother: Gossana
Married to: King of Toledo Athanagild (of Visigoths) BEF. 552
Child: Brunichilde Born: 552, Sex: F
Born: 552 Sex: F
Marriage(s) and Relationships:
Married to: Sigisbert I von Austrasia ABT. 567
Child: Ingunda of Austrasia
Child: of Austrasia Anchise
Child: King of Austrasie Childebert II de Bourgogne
Child: Chodoswintha ot Austrasie
wife of Sigisbert I of Austrasie. Source: Dan Pomerleau. Leo van de Pas. *Stammtafeln zu Europaeischen Staaten* by Prinz von Isenburg. Les seize quartiers des reines et imperatrices de Frances by Jacques Saillot.
This in one of the most common surnames in the British Isles, and is among the forty commonest in Ireland. It can derive, as a nickname, from the Old English Brun, referring to hair, complexion or clothes, or from the Norman name Le Brun, similarly meaning 'the Brown'. In the three southern provinces of Munster, Leinster and Connacht, where the name is usually spelt with the final 'e', it is almost invariably of Norman or English origin, and was borne by some of the most important of Norman-Irish and Anglo-Irish families, notably the Earls of Kenmare in Kerry and Lord Oranmore and Browne and the Earls of Altamont in Connacht.
The assimilation of the Connacht family into Gaelic life is seen in their inclusion as one of the 'Tribes' of Galway. In Ulster, where it is more often plain 'Brown', the surname can be an anglicisation of the Scots Gaelic Mac a Bhruithin ('son of the judge') or mac Gille Dhuinn ('son of the brown boy'). The largest concentrations of the name in this province are in the counties Derry, Down and Antrim. (source unknown)
"AZURE, a cheveron between three fleurs-de-lis or. - Nisbset's Heraldry and Books of Funeral Escutcheons in the Lyon Office. In one of the latter the cheveron is engrailed. The field in the arms of Bishop Brown, as illuminated in Myln's _Lives of the Bishop of Dunkeld,_ is sable, and the charges argent. Sir Robert Forman, Lyon King of Arms, in his Roll of Arms sent to Queen Mary before her arrival in Scotland, says - "Gules, a. cheveron between three fleurs-de-lis argent." Neither at Fordell nor Finmount are there any representations on stone of the bearings of their owners of the surname of Brown; and the churches and burial-grounds at Arngask and Kinglassie, the parishes in which these estates are situated, contain no monuments to members of the family."
"This family is descended from ancestors settled in the north of Scotland at a very early period, also holding lands in the counties of Ayr and Berwick. Although the charges on their shield are the same as those carried by the Brouns of Colstonn in East Lothian, the tincture of the field is different, and no community of origin has been proved. Richard Brun sat on an assize at Elgin, of which place he was an inhabitant, in 1261. There is no evidence to connect him with the family of which we treat". "The frequent occurrence of the names of members of the house of Mar along with those of this family is remarkable and seems to indicate a relationship. According to an old pedigree, produced in evidence in the claim to the earldom of Mar, now (1872) before the Committee of Privileges, Sir James (? Andrew) de Garioch was grandson and one of the heirs of Gratney, Earl of Mar, and married Jane, daughter of _____ Broun of Blandrue, by whom he had an only child, afterwards wife of Stephen Johnston."
WILLIAM BRUN witnessed a charter of Donald, Earl of Mar, (1272-1294) to the Earl's cousin Sir Nicholas de Hays re lands of Dorlaw/Dronlaw [CP Donald probably suc 1281 and
probably d 1297]
ADAM BROWN (-1298 battle of Falkirk); Held lands of Carchrony, Aberdeenshire, from bp of Aberdeen; In 1265, William Cumyn of Kilbryde, Sheriff of Ayrshire, charges payments made to Adam de Bruning, going to Ireland on the King's business.
ADAM BROWN; held lands in the co of Ayr, which, on his forfeiture, king Robert I (1306-29) gr them to William Lindsay, canon of Glasgow; The same king confirms the gift of Adam Brown to the altar of St. Michael, in the parish church of Ayr, and grants the lands of Aughindraive, in that shire, forfeited by Robert Broun (probably son or brother of Adam) to Henry Annan. In 1328-29, Henry Brounyng, or Henry filius Bronyng, appears in the Chamberlain Rolls as one of the household of the late Queen,
His son seems to bave been JOHN BRUNE; Sir; In 1321 bought lands of Gillandriston, in Garioch, from Agnes d&h of Sir Peter de Morthington for 360 marks; King Robert I gr him charter of the thanedom of Formatine, co Aberdeen; Held lands of Terpersie from bp and kirk of Aberdeen; In 1328 Sheriff of Co Aberdeen, and farmer of the burgh of Fyvie; A witness to Charter of Donald Er of Mar (-1332); In 1333 forman of Aberdeen assize; In 1333 gave 7 acres of arable land near Perth to Friars there to pray for his soul etc and for soul of his son burried there (a witness to this deed was Sir David de Mar); Down to 15c numerous Browns, many of them churchmen, appear in Aberdeenshire, probably descended from this Sir John, many examples given; name also common in upper Deeside.
Sir John Brown had, at least, four children.
The clans and family histories which have appeared in this section over the last few months have been assembled onto a separate Website which now covers over 50 different names. The URL is
Brown is the second most common name in Scotland and is also found frequently in England and the USA as well as other parts of the world. It might be thought that a name such as this, which was spread so widely, would not have a specifically Scottish pedigree. But the Broun family has a crest recognised by the Lord Lyon King at Arms and is included in the list of clans and families maintained by the Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs. They also have a recognised tartan.
The French "Le Brun" appeared early in England (around 970) but did not arise in Scotland until the 12th century.
Walterus Brown was involved with the church in Glasgow in 1116 and Richard de Broun and others with the same surname signed the Ragman Roll in 1296 when all the nobles and landowners were forced to swear allegiance to Edward I of England.
A long line of Browns, which can be traced for 850 years, is the Brouns of Colstoun in East Lothian. The first of the line may have been Sir David le Brun who gave the land and witnessed the charter founding the Abbey of Holyroodhouse in 1128. These Brouns claimed that they were originally descended from the royal house of France - their arms bore the three gold lilies of France. The Broun arms registered with the Lord Lyon has a lion rampant holding a French "fleur de lis".
Sir John Brune was High Sheriff of Aberdeenshire in 1368. Patrick Broun of Colstoun was created a baronet of Nova Scotia in 1686. The 12th Baronet, Sir Lionel Broun, lives in New South Wales, Australia.
Robert Brown, who was born in Montrose in 1773 was a botanist who worked in Australia. His experiments on powder suspended in water resulted in a phenomenon known as the "Brownian Motion".
Agnes Broun was the mother of the poet Robert Burns and the name occurs frequently in Ayrshire. James Brown of Lochton was the provost (roughly the mayor) of Dundee in 1844-47.
George Brown of Edinburgh emigrated to Canada in 1843 and was influential in the purchase of the Northwest Territories by Canada.
The name Brown was adopted by a fair number of Highland clansmen when they wanted to get rid of their cumbersome (or at times politically incorrect) Gaelic names.
John Brown, Queen Victoria's famous gillie may have been in this category. Additionally, it has been suggested by some researchers that at least some of Celtic origins may have been named after local judges who were called "brehons".
The name is thought to be derived the Gaelic "cam-shron" meaning "crooked nose" but the earliest records show the name as "Cambron" which may indicate that it originated in Camberone (from the Gaelic "cam brun" meaning "crooked hill" - now Cameron parish) in Fife.
However, there is also a Cameron placename in the outskirts of Edinburgh and in Lennox. To add to the confusion, there is a Cambron in Flanders and the Cameron coat of arms differ only in colouring from those of the family of Oudenarde, nobles in Flanders.
There is a record of a John Cameron in the Carse of Gowrie (on the other side of the river Tay from Fife) and Hugh Cambrun was sheriff of Forfar and John Cambron was sheriff of Perth. A hundred years later the name appeared in Lochaber in the far west.
Often described as "fiercer than fierceness itself" the Camerons originally consisted of three branches in Lochaber - McMartins of Letterfinlay, McGillonies of Strone and McSorlies of Glen Nevis. The first chief of the combined families was Donald Dubh (born around 1400) who was descended from the McGillonies of Strone but through marriage with the McMartins brought the federation together. Donald Dubh and his successors were known as captains of Clan Cameron until the early 16th century when the lands of Lochiel were united by charter into the barony of Lochiel by Allan Cameron, the 12th chief. The clan assisted Donald, Lord of the Isles at the Battle of Harlaw in 1411. A chief of the clan, Ewen of Lochiel, was born in 1629 and was a supporter of King Charles II. He was knighted in 1682 and fought at the Battle of Killiecrankie in 1689. Oddly, there were Camerons fighting on the other side - Camerons from Fife who supported the Protestant cause. Ewen of Lochiel was too old to fight in the 1715 Jacobite Uprising but sent his son and the clan to assist the Earl of Mar. Sir Ewen's grandson was known as "the gentle Lochiel" and is regarded as one of the noblest of all the Highland chiefs. He was persuaded, through loyalty to the crown and the persuasive words of Prince Charles Edward Stewart, to support the 1745 Jacobite Uprising. It is said that if Cameron of Lochiel had not agreed to participate, the rising might never have got off the ground, such was his influence. During the Jacobite retreat, Lochiel prevented the Highlanders from sacking Glasgow and to this day when Cameron of Lochiel enters the city, the bells of the churches are rung in his honour. The Gentle Lochiel survived Culloden and was exiled to France. Following the General Act of Amnesty of 1784 the Cameron lands were restored and Gentle Lochiel's grandson, Donald, became the 22nd chief.
In 1793 Allan Cameron maintained the fighting tradition of the clan by raising the 79th Regiment which, in 1881, became the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. The 25th chief, who died in 1905, was a Member of Parliament and his son raised four new battalions of the Cameron Highlanders on the outbreak of the First World War.
Cameron was the 35th most frequent surname at the Scottish Registry Office in 1995.
The motto of the Camerons is "Aonaibh ri chéile" ("Unite"). Septs (sub-branch) of the clan Cameron include Clark, Clarke, Clerk, Clarkson, Macolonie, MacChlery, MacGillonie, MacKail, MacLerie, MacMartin, MacSorley, Martin, Paul and Sorley.
There is a Clan Cameron Society Web site.
The Index of Clan/Family Histories on this site contains many more surnames for you to read - and the list is growing all the time.
There are two possible meaning for the surname "Cameron." Unfortunately, both are no more than "theoretical" explanations, with the surname's definitive meaning lost somewhere in the distant past.
1) Crooked Nose: From the Gaelic "cam," which means "crooked," "bent" or "hook," and "shron," which means "nose." Together they make up "Camshron," the more accepted/popular meaning behind the Cameron surname.
2) Crooked Hill: From the Gaelic "cam," once again meaning "crooked," "bent" or "hook," and "brun," meaning "hill." This name, "Cambrun," was popular in Fife, Scotland, and if not categorically "connected" with the Camerons of the Highlands, may be the source of "Lowland" Cameron surname in some instances.
This name, interchangeable with Brown, is very common in Scotland and is of more than one origin. It is a common forename in Old English charters, as Brun, from an adjective meaning brown or dark red. It also occurs in Old High German as Brunn and is the source of the French surname le Brun.
A family of this name were owners of Cumberland lands shortly after the Norman conquests. In all cases it seems to be a name describing the appearance of the original bearer. The Brouns of Cols toun, probably the heads of the family but not officially recognised as such by
Lyon Court, claim descent from the Royal House of France.
They bear on their shield the three fleur-de-lys of the French Monarchy.
The Brouns of Colstoun also claim descent from George Broun who in 1543 married Jean Hay second daughter of Lord Yester, ancestor of the Marquess of Tweeddale. The dowry consisted of the "Colstoun Pear" which was said to have been invested with wondrous powers by the 13th Century wizard and necro mancer Hugo de Gifford of Yester. This pear was meant to ensure unfailing prosperity on the family which possessd it. The pear was said to have been as fresh as the day it was picked until in the 17th Century a pregnant descendant, longing for the fruit which was out of season, took a bite of it, whereupon it became as hard as rock.
Patrick Broun of Colstoun was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia in 1686, the title to be passed on to his male heirs. On his death he left only a daughter who inherited his possessions while the title went to the Thorndyke branch of the family. Members of a younger branch of Broun of Colstoun settled in Elsinore, Denmark where they became prominent merchants; the name is still found there today.
Origins of the Name "Broomhall"
(as prepared by A.J."Jim" Broomhall of East Sussex, c.1990)
In some parts of Britain, notable houses acquired the name Broom Hall from the shrub associated with them. The Saxon for a nook where broom grows was ‘halh’ or ‘hale’, but ‘hala’ meant a hall or manor (Dodgson, J M), However, the Bramall, Bramhall, Bromhall, Broomhall of Cheshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire and west Yorkshire probably came from two place-names derived from the Saxon owners and adopted by the Normans who replaced them. One at least (and probably both) places originated from BRUN, one of the Saxons, and his ‘hala’. Both names are attested in the Domesday Survey of Cheshire. Elucidation of the records is not easy.
In the 1086 Norman Domesday Survey, BRUN and HACUN had previously held the two manors at BRAMALE (now BRAMHALL near Stockport). Brun also "held lands elsewhere":
EDRIC and EDRIC held the divided manor of BRUNHALA (Brun’s Hall), south-west of NANTWICH, Salop (Shropshire). According to Domesday, Brunhala was "iuxta Cowel (Coole), iuxta Sonde (Sound), iuxta Badynton (Badington), and iuxta Aston in Newhall; Aston was iuxta Wrennebury". After the conquest the Saxons were ejected and their lands were granted to Normans.
BRAMALE (Bramhall) was granted to HAIMO (Hamo, Hamon) DE MASCI (Mascy, Massey &c) as part of the barony of Dunham Massey, the the Macclesfield Hundred.
It is linked historically with Brunhala = Bromhale = Broomhall near Wrenbury and Nantwich, through the family of Hamo de Masci, the first baron.
BRAMHALL (Maccles.) The third baron of Dunham (in Henry II = 1154-89) confirmed to Mathew de Bromale: "the manors of Bramall, Duckenfield and 11 parts of Baggiley which had been previoulsy held by his father, whose name is not mentioned but who was probably younger son of near kinsman of Hamo deMasci, the Norman Grantee". (Ormerod p 823). Then, in 6 Edwd I (=1272-1307) "Richard de Bromhall obtained release (ie. exemption) for himself and his tenants in Bromhall, Duckenfield and 11 parts of Baguley (sic) from Hamon de Massey, for being impleaded in the courts of Dunham. He is called Sir Richard in the pedigrees of this family, ‘son of William, son of John, son of Edward’, and is allowed for his armorial coat, Sable, a lion rampant Or". [ie. gold on black], as in the early seals of the lords of Dunham. This Richard also occurs in 17 Edwd I (=1289). His son lived in the reigns of the three Edwards, and was succeeded by his brother Sir Geoffrey de Bromhale whose daughter and co-heiress Ales (=Alice) married John de Davenport, son of Thomas de Davenport of Weltrogh or Wheltrough. BRAMHALL therefore, passed to the Davenports.
The Inquisition taken at Thame, 18 Nov 1436, states that Thomas Baldington died on Monday after the Feast of the Assumption last past, leaving three daughters, Agnes, aged eight years, Alice, aged one year, and Isabella, aged one month. (Isabella probably died in infancy.) Very soon after the death of Thomas Baldington, Agnes (neé Danvers) married Sir John Fray (formerly Recorder of the City of London , and then, after joining the Exchequer he became chief baron in 1436). He had properties all over Hertfordshire, Essex, and London, a brewery in Hastings, and was granted the manor of Aber (North Wales) for life, from Henry VI. His main manor was to become "The Lordship" at Cottered in Hertfordshire, which still exists. He was buried in St Bartholomew-the-Less in London (his tomb is all that is left from the 15th C., and is now an altar). He had four more daughters by Agnes (neé Danvers), and these or their children married into the nobility (Stafford, Leyn(h)am, Arundell, Waldegrave, Beauchamp, Mountjoy, Warwick etc..). Agnes married twice more after John Fray. Firstly
Lord Wenlock (killed at the battle of Tewkesbury), and the Sir John Say (speaker of the House of Commons), but she did not have any more children. Her daughters by Baldington often used the surname Fray, and Agnes (neé Danvers) does not mention her first husband, Thomas Baldington, in her will. Agnes Browne (neé Baldington) had a son Robert Browne (sometimes Brun) and a daughter Custons (Constance) Browne. Constance became Abbess of Syon, and also sometimes used the surname Fray. After William Browne died, Agnes Browne (neé Baldington) married Sir Geoffrey Gate and had a son (William?)Gate. Like Lord Wenlock and Sir Humphrey Stafford etc. Geoffrey is frequently mentioned in books on the War of the Roses.
Robert Broun and Thomas (William) Gate presented the will of Agnes Saye (neé Danvers). (see C Plea & Memoranda Rolls, Roll A99, Membrane 3, dated 7 May 1480).
I note that there is a Walcot between Alcester and Stratford. This is adjacent to land held by Sir Humphrey Stafford of Grafton, who married one of Sir John Fray's daughters. Also, could Southorp be mis-spelt. There is a Southrop between Oxford and Cirencester, not too far from land held by the Baldingtons. Either could also be deserted villages.
Hugues VI 'Le Brun' de Lusignan (-1106) Sire de Lusignan
Died 1106 / 1110 in France
Married to Hildegarde/Alearde de Thouars .He went on crusade.
Hugues VII "le Brun" de Lusignan, Sire de Lusignan
Married to Sarasine, In 1147 he went on crusade.
Hugues VIII "le Brun" de Lusignan, Sire de Lusignan (-1173)
Married to Bourgogne de Rancon. He went on crusade.
Isabella d'Angouleme (1188-1246)
Died 31 May 1246 Fontevraud
Married circa 1217 Hugues X "le Brun" de Lusignan ,Comte de La Marche et d'Angouleme. Died after 15 January 1249
She was only twelve years old and engaged to Hugh de Lusignan when King John of England became infatuated with her. Preferring her to be Queen of England, her parents had the engagement annulled and allowed her to marry King John. Seven years later she gave birth to their first child, the future King Henry III, soon to be followed by two more children. However, John was an unfaithful husband and Isabella's flirtations caused disharmony between them. In 1212 John had Isabella locked up at Gloucester but a year later they became reconciled and two more children were born. When John died in 1216 Isabella was at Gloucester with her children and she proclaimed their eldest son to be King Henry III. For safety against the French invaders she sent her younger son Richard to Ireland. In July 1217 she returned to France where she her old fiancee, Hugh de Lusignan, who was by now engaged to Isabella's daughter Joan. However, as Joan was only ten years old and Hugh needed an heir soon, he married Isabella instead and they became the parents of five sons and at least three daughters. Henry III had not been consulted about his mother's remarriage and, even though he was only thirteen-years-old, he deprived his mother of her dowry. It took a year before a reconciliation took place. In 1242 Hugh and Isabella were accused of plotting against the life of King Louis IX of
France. Isabella attended the court but remained seated on her horse and, when she realised the hearing would go against her, she rode off to take refuge in the Abbey of Fontevraud where she remained the rest of her life. Although Hugh de Lusignan was able to placate the French king, Isabella remained at Fontevraud where she died and was buried. Hugh de Lusignan then went on crusade and was killed while fighting in 1249.
De overvejende Kirkelige udgaver af Brun
Brun von Kärnten (972 - 999)
*972 Carinthia + February 4th 999.
Brun von Kärnten was consecrated May 3rd 996 as Pope Gregory V and struggled with an anti-pope who was elected by an opposing faction. Gregory V's benefactor and protector the Emperor Otto had the anti-pope captured and deported. Gregory V in his role of Pope had crowned OTTO III (980-1002) Emperor on May 21st 996.
Brun (Bruno) von Querfurt (974-1009)
Glaubensbote in Polen und Preußen, Erzbischof von Magdeburg, Märtyrer * 974 in Querfurt bei Halle + 9. März (oder 14. Februar) 1009 bei Lötzen, dem heutigen Gizycko in Polen
Brun war vermutlich mit dem deutschen Kaiserhaus der Ottonen verwandt. Er wurde in der Domschule zu Magdeburg ausgebildet. Auf einer Reise mit Otto III. nach Rom trat er ins dortige Kloster St.Bonifatius auf dem Aventin ein. 999 legt er die Mönchsgelübde ab. Mit Abt Romuald ging er in eine Einsiedelei bei Ravenna; auf Wunsch von Otto III. sollte er die Mission in Polen übernehmen und wurde 1004 zum Erzbischof von Magdeburg ernannt. Einige Brüder waren zur Gründung einer Einsiedelei bereits nach Polen vorausgegangen. Ottos Nachfolger Heinrich II. führte gegen Polen zunächst einmal Krieg. Brun wich nach Ungarn aus. Die Missionierung dort war ein hartes Brot. Nachdem Ungarn an der Seite Deutschlands in den Krieg gegen Polen eintrat, sah Brun eine Chance, seinen ursprünglichen Auftrag zu erfüllen. Als er vom Osten her nach Polen reisen wollte, lernte er den Großfürsten von Kiew, Wladimir I. Swjatoslawitsch, kennen und missionierte zunächst ab 1007 in Westrußland unter dem Nomadenvolk der Petschenegen. Erst 1008 kam er nach Polen, dort schrieb er die Geschichte von fünf Märtyrern der Mission in Polen. Er wandte sich - erfolglos - der Mission unter den Pruzzen zu, auf dem Weg zu den Russen wurde er zusammen mit 18 Gefährten von Heiden enthauptet. Fürst Boleslav kaufte die Leichname und ließ sie nach Polen bringen. Braunsberg - das heutige Braniewo - ist angeblich nach Brun benannt. Attribute: auf Esel reitend, mit abgeschlagener Hand
Patron von Preußen
Bruno von Asti (von Segni) (1048-1123)
Bischof von Segni, Abt von Monte Casino * um 1048 in Solero bei Asti in Piemont + 1123 in Segni
Bruno, altem Adelsgeschlecht entstammend, war Kanonikus in Asti, dann Domherr in Siena. Auf der Synode in Rom 1079 verteidigte er mit Geist und vielbeachteter Rhetorik die katholische Lehre vom Abendmahl gegen den Scholastiker Berengar von Tours, der die Wandlung von Brot und Wein in Leib und Blut Christi in Frage stellte. Papst Gregor VII. ernannte ihn daraufhin zum Dank für seine Dienste zum Bischof von Segni. Als "brillianter Verteidiger der Kirche" wurde er weiterhin bekannt, vor allem durch seinen Kampf gegen die Berufung von Laien als Bischöfe und sein Eintreten für die Rechte des Papstes im Investiturstreit. Papst Urban II. begleitete er 1095 zum Konzil in Clermont, wo der erste Kreuzzug ausgerufen wurde. Unter seinen vielen Schriften ragen die Bibelkommentare zu den Mose-Büchern, den Psalmen, den vier Evangelien, der Johannes-Offenbarung und über Hiob heraus. Unter Beibehaltung seines Bischofsamtes wurde Bruno 1102 Mönch in Montecassino, 1107 dort Abt - im Streit mit Papst Paschalis II., der eine nachgiebige Haltung im Investiturstreit einnahm, verlor er 1116 dieses Amt wieder und kehrte in seine Diözese zurück.. Kanonisation: Papst Lucius III. sprach Bruno 1183 heilig
Bruno von Würzburg (von Kärnten)
Bischof von Würzburg
* in Kärnten + 27. Mai 1045 in Persenbeug an der Donau in Niederösterreich
Bruno war der Sohn des Herzogs Konrad von Kärnten. 1024 bis 1032 verwaltete er die italienische Kanzlei Kaiser Konrads II., 1034 wurde er Bischof von Würzburg. Er war ein hervorragender Bischof, sein Augenmerk galt der Bildung und Moral des Klerus, er war hoch gebildet; ab 1040 ließ er den Würzburger Dom bauen. Er begleitet Kaiser Heinrich III. auf dessen Zug nach Ungarn und starb während dieser Reise, weil der Saal einstürzte. Brunos Reliquien befinden sich im Dom zu Würzburg. Attribute: Bischof mit Trümmerstücken
Brun von Herzog (ca. 836-880)
Birth : BEF 836
Death : 880
Otto Brun von Scharfenstein (ca. 1300)
Professor Brun of Odessa
St. Bruno (1030-1101)
Confessor, ecclesiastical writer, and founder of the Carthusian Order. He was born at Cologne about the year 1030; died 6 October, 1101. He is usually represented with a death's head in his hands, a book and a cross, or crowned with seven stars; or with a roll bearing the device O Bonitas. His feast is kept on the 6th of October. According to tradition, St. Bruno belonged to the family of Hartenfaust, or Hardebüst, one of the principal families of the city, and it is in remembrance of this origin that different members of the family of Hartenfaust have received from the Carthusians either some special prayers for the dead, as in the case of Peter Bruno Hartenfaust in 1714, and Louis Alexander Hartenfaust, Baron of Laach, in 1740; or a personal affiliation with the order, as with Louis Bruno of Hardevüst, Baron of Laach and Burgomaster of the town of Bergues-S. Winnoc, in the Diocese of Cambrai, with whom the Hardevüst family in the male line became extinct on 22 March, 1784.
Giordano Bruno (1548-1600)
Italian philosopher, b. at Nola in Campania, in the Kingdom of Naples, in 1548; d. at Rome, 1600. At the age of eleven he went to Naples, to study "humanity, logic, and dialectic", and, four years later, he entered the Order of St. Dominic, giving up his worldly name of Filippo and taking that of Giordano. He made his novitiate at Naples and continued to study there. In 1572 he was ordained priest. It seems, however, that, even as a novice, he attracted attention by the originality of his views and by his outspoken criticism of accepted theological doctrines. After his ordination things reached such a pass that, in 1576, formal accusation of heresy was brought against him. Thereupon he went to Rome, but, apparently, did not mend his manner of speaking of the mysteries of faith; for the accusations were renewed against him at the convent of the Minerva. Within a few months of his arrival he fled the city and cast off all allegiance to his order.
Bruno the Saxon (ca. 1050)
A German chronicler of the eleventh Century and author of the "Historia de Bello Saxonico". Little is known of his life. He was apparently a Saxon monk belonging to the household of Archbishop Werner, of Magdeburg, who was a vigorous opponent of Henry IV and one of the leaders of the Saxon uprising against the emperor. After the death of the archbishop in 1078 at the hands of peasants, Bruno attached himself to Werner, Bishop of Merseburg, to whom, in 1082, he dedicated the work, "De Bello Saxonico" by which he is chiefly known. As its name indicates, it is a record of the struggles of the Saxons with the Emperor Henry IV. The author begins with an account of the youth of Henry and the evil influence exerted over him by Adalbert of Bremen after he had passed from the stern tutelage of Anno, Archbishop of Cologne. He then traces the relations of the emperor with the Saxons and narrates at length the causes and events of the rebellion, ending with the election of Hermann of Luxemburg as king in 1081.
Brun von Russe (ca. 1400)
1445 I 13. Danzig
Inventar und Zinsen des Marienaltars in der Danziger Burg des Deutschen Ordens beim Ausscheiden des Kellermeisters Brun von Russe.
Imperial Ecclesiastic States
Here is a record of some of the many ecclesiastic states which become autonomous within the Holy Roman Empire. It is by no means complete, and even within particular states only a portion of the various authorities are given, usually those who execised some significant secular rulership in addition to their spiritual functions. As these are not monarchic governments in the usual sense of that term, I have tried to give the names in the local language, rather than adhere to an English standard.
In Swabia, near the Bavaria/Wurttemberg frontier, founded 304, abandoned about 50 or 60 years later, and re-established in 582.
Bruno of Bavaria, Bishop of Augsburg (1006-1029)
Established from the 6th century in northwestern Switzerland, with temporal territories (a Principality) in what is now modern Switzerland, France, and Germany. It is the site of Switzerlands first university (est. 1460), and the location of an important church council 1431-1449. Owing to the Protestant sentiments of the populace of the city of Basel, the ecclesiastic seat was relocated to Porrentruy 1525-1792. See also the Canton of Basel.
Bruno ? , Bishop of Basel (ca. 1040)
An Archbishopric seated in an important town on the Rhine, near Bonn. One of the three ecclesiastic Electors of the Holy Roman Empire, exercising that right from at least
Bruno I, Bishop of Köln (953-965)
Bruno II von Berg, Bishop of Köln (1131-1137)
Bruno III von Berg, Bishop of Köln (1191-1193)
A city in northwestern Germany, and the seat of a Bishop from 783. In the 16th century the Bishopric and surrounding territory was converted to Protestantism, in which it remained until being recaptured by Catholic forces, then retaken by the Protestants during the 30 Years War. The treaty ending that conflict contained the unusual provision that Catholic and Protestant Bishops should alternate thereafter. Protestant rulers will be marked in this pale tint. Another note of interest concerns the last Bishop. When the Bishopric was mediatized in 1802, its Princely status was retained as an appanage of Hannover. The Elector (and later King) at the time was the last Bishops father, thus providing the only example I can think of off-hand of a father succeeding his son.
Bruno Von Isenburg Bishop of Osnabruck (1250-1258)
A Prince-Bishopric located in the Rhineland, established in 610 CE. The city was the location of the Imperial Chamber of Justice from 1527 to 1689, and has hosted numerous Imperial Diets and councils. It is notable as the place where the term "Protestant" was first used, during the Diet of 1529.
Bruno Bishop of Saarbrucken (1107-1123)
Lambert von Brunn Bishop of Saarbrucken (1364-1371)
Lambert von Brunn Bishop of Saarbrucken (1364-1371)
Another Archbishopric, located on the central Rhine, the third ecclesiastic Electorate.
Poppo Archbishop von Trier (1016-1047)
Bruno Archbishop von Trier (1101-1124)